Excavations in the death camp: archaeologists have returned the names of children who died in Sobibor


An international group of archaeologists excavating the site of the Nazi extermination camp Sobibor in Poland have discovered metal tokens which Jewish children worn around their necks who were deported from Holland here and exterminated. The names and dates of birth of children, as well as the names of the cities in which they lived are engraved on the tokens.


The excavations at Sobibor have been going on for several years. They are led by the Israeli Yoram Haimi, the Polish man Wojciech Mazurek and the Dutchman Ivar Schute, and local volunteers are also involved. Findings of the terrible “passports” of the Holocaust period, will be presented in the new building of the museum.


“As far as we know, such tokens were found only in Sobibor. They are of different designs. This indicates that, most likely, it was the initiative of the parents, who hoped that in this way the children could be found in the chaos of World War II. The names of the children – Leia, Dedi, Annie, David – return the identity to those who were a line in Nazi statistics, ”says Yoram Haimi.

Medallion photo: Yoram Haimi


He says that archaeologists contacted the Kamp Westerbork memorial center at the site of a transit camp in Holland, from where Jews were sent to extermination camps, and asked for more information.


“I’ve been digging in Sobibor for ten years, but that day was the worst. We were answered immediately. We stood with tokens at the crematoria. And then photos of smiling, fragile children came to the phone. They were sent here to be killed. And you stand and think: how could this happen? ” – recalls the Israeli scientist.


Lea Judit De La Peña died when she was six years old. She was born on May 11, 1937 in Amsterdam. In the photo, she is a very small girl sitting next to a table set for tea.


Eight-year-old Dedi Zach’s token was found inside the crematorium, covered in soot. He was born on February 23, 1935. They were taken to Sobibor by the so-called “children’s transport” – a train containing children aged 4-8 years, sent to death without parents. In the photo, he smiles at the photographer.


Annie Capper was 12. Her badge was found next to one of the mass graves. She was born in 1931. Annie’s family lived in Amsterdam and were deported to Sobibor on March 30, 1943. There were 1255 people in 25 cars of the echelon. They arrived at the death camp on April 2. All were immediately sent to the gas chambers.


Annie’s fate was shared by David Yehuda van der Velde, who was 11 years old and arrived by the same transport. His token is not completely preserved. Nevertheless, scientists managed to establish the name of the boy.


According to the materials – newsru.co.il

Source: https://ieshua.org/raskopki-v-lagere-smerti-arheologi-vernuli-imena-pogibshim-v-sobibore-detyam.htm